Unique Anomaly Interpretation

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Sometimes an anomaly appears to be unique or  is located in a difficult to repair location.  Such anomalies require added scrutiny and careful evaluation before a decision to investigate it in the field can be made. Kiefner addresses many unique anomaly scenarios, including the following:

  • Denting and metal loss

Corrosion metal loss in a dent is usually not more damaging than similar corrosion in plain pipe, whereas metal loss caused by gouging is usually considered to be serious damage.

  • Corrosion on the seam:

ILI tools need to differentiate between crack‐like selective seam weld corrosion (SSWC) from conventional corrosion that just happens to encounter a low frequency ERW seam.

  • Wide area corrosion:

Some of the pits within a large corrosion area may not be detected or accurately sized, and failing to include these defects may underestimate the amount of missing metal when attempting to calculate a failure pressure using standard methods for evaluating the remaining strength of corroded pipe.

At Kiefner, we are developing methods to better interpret the ILI signals. The goal is to improve pipeline safety by identifying anomalies that could impact the integrity of the pipeline while more reliably dismissing non-critical anomalies.

With over 20 years of experience, Kiefner has the expertise to support your In-line Inspection qualification needs.


Applus+ is a specialist service provider of non-destructive examination and inspection services which are critical to ensuring the safety and integrity of the energy and industrial sector. Accordingly, please be informed that Applus+ and its affiliate companies, including but not limited to Applus RTD USA, Inc., Applus Velosi America, LLC, Applus K2 America, LLC, and Kiefner and Associates, Inc. are open for business.

Applus+ is deemed as an Essential and Critical Infrastructure service provider. The services provided by Applus+ ensure our client’s continuous safe operations, delivery of essential services to our end clients in these times of need, and supports compliance with local, state, and federal regulations—include our united mandate to continue providing Essential and Critical Infrastructure services.

Operating for over 85 years, Applus+ has responded to emergency situations in high consequence areas and at times when other suppliers have been unable to perform. We believe that we have not only demonstrated value but sincere commitment to quality and service. Applus+ will continue to show its unwavering support at the request of our clients to assist in maintaining operational continuity.

We would like to let you know what measures Applus+ is taking to ensure the health and safety of our employees, clients and suppliers.  We have activated our Business Continuity Plan and the purpose of this Plan is to ensure uninterrupted service. As the situation develops, our management and protocols will be adjusted, as required.

Applus+ has taken the following measures:

  • Active implementation of Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) protocols.
  • Provided information to employees about the Coronavirus, its symptoms, and how to minimize its spread. Employees have been advised to avoid crowded areas and to limit social interaction, and have been trained on the correct hygiene, health and safety procedures.
  • Internal protocols have been implemented to follow all CDC guidelines for all who:
    • Have travelled internationally within the last 14 days
    • Have been in close contact with someone who has been confirmed infected with or is being tested for COVID-19
    • Have been in close contact with someone who is under self-quarantine.
    • Have any symptoms such as fever, coughing, and shortness of breath.
  • Effective 03/17/2020 short-term remote work guidelines for employees have been implemented.
  • Applus+ has increased the frequency of cleaning services in our facilities to ensure a clean and safe working environment.
  • Travel has been limited to essential client-required travel only, with severe restrictions in the case of high-risk destinations.

We will continue to monitor the situation in order to adapt in a timely and effective manner as the situation evolves. Our goal is to ensure that we fulfil our commitment to our clients and deliver the highest standards of service excellence, while at the same time keeping our workforce safe and healthy.

As always, you should feel free to contact us with any questions. Please email the team at contracts.na@applus.com for further assistance regarding the COVID-19 matter. To schedule services, continue to communicate with your Applus+ representative.

Thank you for your support and partnership,

Applus+ Management Team